Publications

Books

Learning to Labour in post-Soviet Russia (Routledge, 2011) This book explores the changing nature of growing-up working-class in post-Soviet Russia, a country dislocated by the experience of neoliberal economic reform. Based on extensive ethnographic research in a provincial Russian region, it follows the experiences of vocational education graduates whose colleges continue to channel them into the ailing industrial and agricultural sectors. Rather than settling for transitions into ‘poor work’, the book shows how these young men and women develop a range of strategies aimed at overcoming the poverty of opportunity available to them in traditional enterprises, pursuing instead emerging opportunities in higher education, jobs in the new service sector and the prospect of migration. Drawing on a range of theoretical perspectives, Charles Walker analyses these strategies and their significance for wider processes of social change and social stratification in post-Soviet Russia.

Masculinity, Labour and Neoliberalism: Working-Class Men in International Perspective (Palgrave 2018) This book explores the ways in which neoliberal capitalism has reshaped the lives of working-class men around the world. It focuses on the effects of employment change and of new forms of governmentality on men’s experiences of both public and private life. The book presents a range of international studies—from the US, UK, and Australia to Western and Northern Europe, Russia, and Nigeria—that move beyond discourses positing a ‘masculinity crisis’ or pathologizing working-class men. Instead, the authors look at the active ways men have dealt with forms of economic and symbolic marginalization and the barriers they have faced in doing so. While the focus of the volume is employment change, it covers a range of topics from consumption and leisure to education and family.

Masculinities and Transition: Enduring Privilege (Institute of Development Studies, 2019)

There has been significant progress in gender equality globally over recent decades, such as in school enrolment or in labour force participation rates, and in certain groups of men’s and boys’ attitudes to gender equality; particularly among younger, educated males in urban areas. Yet, historically embedded structural barriers and patriarchal relations seem to counter progress in other areas – such as unpaid care work, or women’s access to property and productive resources.

In the context of rising global and local economic inequalities, we have also seen the emergence of ‘backlash’ against women’s empowerment in many settings. This is relevant in many countries undergoing transitions where the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development operates. This report aims to explore experiences of men and constructions of masculinity in four significant transition countries – Egypt, Kazakhstan, Turkey and Ukraine – to consider how best to complement the Bank’s women-focused interventions in its projects and investments, within its mandate to enhance both the resilience of transitions and equality of opportunity.

Innovations in Youth Research (Palgrave, 2011) This book explores and celebrates imaginative and creative approaches to youth research, showcasing a wide range of innovative methods including music elicitation, mental mapping, blog analysis and mobile methods.

Youth and Social Change in Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union (Routledge 2010) Two decades have now passed since the revolutions of 1989 swept through Eastern Europe and precipitated the collapse of state socialism across the region, engendering a period of massive social, economic and political transformation. This book explores the ways in which young people growing up in post-socialist Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union negotiate a range of identities and transitions in their personal lives against a backdrop of thoroughgoing transformation in their societies. Drawing upon original empirical research in a range of countries, the book’s contributors explore the various freedoms and insecurities that have accompanied neo-liberal transformation in post-socialist countries – in spheres as diverse as consumption, migration, political participation, volunteering, employment and family formation – and examine the ways in which they have begun to re-shape different aspects of young people’s lives. In addition, while ‘social change’ is a central theme of the issue, all of the chapters in the collection indicate that the new opportunities and risks faced by young people continue both to underpin and to be shaped by familiar social and spatial divisions, not only within and between the countries addressed, but also between ‘East’ and ‘West’.

Peer-reviewed articles

2022              Walker, C. ‘Remaking a “failed” masculinity: working-class young men, breadwinning and morality in contemporary Russia’, Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State and Society

2022              Bolshakov, N. and Walker, C. ‘Deaf youth in contemporary Russia: barriers to inclusion in education and the labour market’, Europe-Asia Studies

2021               Walker, C. Die Jugend und die Generationen im postsowjetischen Russland: 30 Jahre nach dem Zusammenbruch, Russland-Analysen, 406, 10-12

2019              Hussain, M., Walker, C. & Moon, G. ‘Smoking and Religion: Untangling Associations Using English Survey Data’. Journal of Religion and Health 58, 2263–2276

2018              Walker, C. ‘“ I just don’t connect my life with this profession”. Working-class young men, manual labour and strategies for social mobility in contemporary Russia’, British Journal of Sociology, 69(1) 207-25

2016               Walker, C. ‘Stability and precarity in the lives and narratives of working-class men in Putin’s Russia’, Social Alternatives, special issue on ‘Youth and Precarious Employment’, 34(4) 32-40

2015              Walker, C. ‘Venajan sukupuolittunut palvelusektori’ (‘Gender and Service Sector Employment in Russia’), The Finnish Review of Eastern European Studies, 2, 35–48

2015              Walker, C. ‘“I don’t really like tedious, monotonous work”. Working-class young women, service sector employment and social mobility in contemporary Russia’, Sociology, 49(1) 106-22

2013              Walker, C., ‘Klass, gender i sub’ektivnoe blagopoluchie na novom rossiiskom rynke truda’ (‘Class, gender and subjective well-being in Russia’s new labour market’). Zhurnal Issledovanii Sotsialnoi Politiki (Journal of Social Policy Studies), 10 (4), 521–38.

2010              Walker, C., and Stephenson, S. ‘Youth and social change in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union’, Journal of Youth Studies, 13 (5), 521–32

2010              Walker, C. ‘Space, kinship networks and youth transition in provincial Russia: negotiating rural–urban and inter-regional migration’, Europe-Asia Studies 62 (4), 647–69.

2009              Walker, C. ‘From ‘inheritance’ to individualisation: dis-embedding working-class youth transitions in post-Soviet Russia’, Journal of Youth Studies (special issue on ‘Youth, Class and Place’), 12 (5), 531–45.

2007              Walker, C., ‘Navigating a ‘zombie’ system: youth transitions from vocational education in post-Soviet Russia’, International Journal of Lifelong Education, 26 (5), 513–31.

2006              Walker, C. ‘Managing vocational education and the youth labour market in post-Soviet Russia’, International Journal of Human Resource Management, 17 (8), 1426–40.

Policy Reports and Third Sector Engagement

2021               Walker, C. ‘Young people leaving care in Russia’, BEARR Trust Report, June

2020               Walker, C. ‘Masculinity and Gender-Based Violence in Eastern Europe and Central Asia: Engaging Men in the Gender Equality Agenda’, BEARR Trust Report, January

2019               Walker, C. with Babenko, S. and Greig, A. Masculinities and Transition in Ukraine: Country Brief, Brighton: IDS (also in Russian and Arabic versions)

2019               Walker, C. with Babenko, S., ‘Chapter 5. Ukraine’, in Edström, J., Aly, R., Greig, A., Walker, C., Masculinities and Transition: Enduring Privilege?, A study commissioned by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), Institute of Development Studies (IDS): Brighton (also in Russian and Arabic versions)

2019              Greig, A. and Edström, J. with Aly, R. and Walker, C. (2019) Masculinities and Transition: Summary Brief, Brighton: IDS (also in Russian and Arabic versions)

2018               Walker, C. Youth and Social Exclusion in Russia: a Scoping Study for the World Bank, TANI-IBRD: Moscow

2005              Morris, K., Edwards, A., Barnes, M., Plewis, I., with D. Allan, A. Apostolov, K. Broughton, S. Benjamin, A. Blackledge, J. Coad, L. Day Ashley, R. Evans, T. Fielding, R. Hek, N. Hughes, A. McCabe, K. Morris, P. Mason, P. Smith, N. Spicer, S. Warren, C. Walker, K. Hansen T. Leone, R. Brown, A. Sullivan, The National Evaluation of the Children’s Fund: Annual Report 2004. NECF: University of Birmingham

2004              Hoggarth, L., and Smith, D. I., with M. Payne, B. Merton, A. Apostolov, A. Morgan, M. Semenchuk, S. Yates, J. Widdowson, H. Bradley, M. Cole, J. Frost, N. Mukherjee, K. Paton, M. Studholme, K. Artaraz, L. Bowes, S. Gray, S. Sagu, D. Hughes, L. Flint, E. Head, V. Knight, K. Morgan, J. Roberts, A. Skinner, S. Weaver, J. Wood, and C. Walker, Understanding the Impact of Connexions on Young People at Risk, Research Report RR607, Department for Education and Skills

Book chapters

2019               Roth, Silke and Walker, Charlie, ‘Gender relations’. In, Merkel, Wolfgang, Kollmorgen, Raj and Wagener, Hans-Jürgen (eds.) Handbook of Political, Social and Economic Transformation. Oxford. Oxford University Press, pp. 509-514.

2017              Walker, C. and Roberts, S. ‘Masculinity, labour and neoliberalism: reviewing the field’, in Walker, C., and Roberts, S. (eds) Masculinity, Labour and Neoliberalism: Working-Class Men in International Perspective, Basingstoke: Palgrave

2016              Walker, C. ‘In search of “stability”: working-class men, masculinity and wellbeing in contemporary Russia’. In Cornwall, A., Lindisfarne, N. and Karioris, F. (eds) Masculinities under Neoliberalism  (Zed books: London)

2012              Walker, C. ‘Re-inventing themselves? Gender, employment and subjective well-being amongst working-class young Russians’. In Salmenniemi, Suvi (ed.) Rethinking Class in Russia. Farnham, GB, Ashgate, 221-240.

2012              Walker, C. ‘From “inheritance” to individualization: disembedding working-class youth transitions in post-Soviet Russia’. In, Walker, Charles and Stephenson, Svetlana (eds.) Youth and Social Change in Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union. Abingdon, GB, Routledge, 60-74.

2011              Walker, C., ‘Positionality and difference in cross-cultural youth research: being “other” in the former Soviet Union’. In Heath, S., and Walker, C. (eds), Innovations in Youth Research. Basingstoke: Palgrave.

2011              Heath, S. and Walker, C. ‘Innovations in youth research – an introduction’. In, Heath, Sue and Walker, Charlie (eds.) Innovations in Youth Research. Basingstoke, GB, Palgrave.

2011              Heath, S. and Walker, C. ‘Conclusion’. In, Heath, Sue and Walker, Charlie (eds.) Innovations in Youth Research. Basingstoke, GB, Palgrave, 248-255.

2011              Walker, C. ‘From “inheritance” to individualization: disembedding working-class youth transitions in post-Soviet Russia’. In, Walker, Charlie and Stephenson, Svetlana (eds.) Youth and Social Change in Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union. Abingdon, GB, Routledge.

2011              Walker, C. and Stephenson, S. ‘Youth and social change in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union’. In, Walker, Charlie and Stephenson, Svetlana (eds.) Youth and Social Change in Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union. Abingdon, GB, Routledge, 1-13.

2010              Walker, C. ‘From “inheritance” to individualisation: disembedding working-class youth transitions in post-Soviet Russia’. In, MacDonald, Robert, Shildrick, Tracey and Blackman, Shane (eds.) Young People, Class and Place. Abingdon, GB, Routledge, 73-87.

2010              Walker, C. Molodezhnie issledovaniya kak kul’turnyi obmen: refleksiya na skhozhest’ i raznost’ v pole. In, Peremena Mest: Poputnaya Sotsiologiya. Ulyanovsk, Russia, Ul’ianovsk State University.

2010              Walker, C. ‘Classed and gendered “Learning Careers”: transitions from vocational to higher education in Russia’. In, Johnson, David (ed.) Politics, Modernisation and Educational Reform in Russia: from Past to Present (Oxford Studies in Comparative Education, 20, 1). Oxford, GB, Symposium Books, 99-120.

2005              Walker, C. Reforming vocational education in post-Soviet Russia: combining new and old approaches. In, Yasin, Y.G. (ed.) Modernizatsiya Ekonomiki i Vyraschivanie Institutov. Moscow, RU, Moscow State University – Higher School of Economics.